JOURNAL OF RESEARCH METHODOLOGISTS https://ojs.vleresearch.net/index.php/1 <p>The JRM is dedicated to encourage scholarship within Social Sciences, with a special focus on Research Methods. The special area of interest is in Qualitative Research and Mixed Methods Research. The target audience for this journal is postgraduate s and post-doctoral researchers, including early career researchers.</p> COSTA RESEARCH INSTITUTE en-US JOURNAL OF RESEARCH METHODOLOGISTS The Types of preparations available for government employees before retirement https://ojs.vleresearch.net/index.php/1/article/view/1 <p>The aspect of retirement and the concept of retirement age represent a crucial transition of considerations across all employees in private and public sector. Attached to these concepts is the main issue of livelihood post retirement simple expressed as social security. Employers have a duty and the responsibility to implement pre-retirement preparations those whom have contributed over the years for the success of their organisation. This study sought to describe the types of preparations available for employees between ages of 55 and 65 who are due to retirement in terms of statutory retirement age. A positivist epistemological inquiry using five-point Likert type research was used to answer the following research question, “What type of preparations are available for government employees before retirement?”. As it is customary within the quantitative tradition semi-structured questionnaire was developed and pilot tested before final implementation. Five key parameters were identified for inclusion into the question and these were: (i) intellectual preparations; (ii) psychological preparations; (iii) physical preparations; (iv) social preparations; and (v) economic preparations. The study context was at the Department of Home Affairs in Limpopo province were a sample of 88 employees was drawn.<br>The study revealed the following:<br>? Intellectual preparations were available at 45%. Close examination of these findings indicated insufficient intellectual preparations for employees. Mambwe and Mwape (2016) concluded that if retiring employees are provided with necessary intellectual preparations they would know better about the possible future in relation to all other four clusters listed below<br>? Psychological preparations were available at 36%, appearing to be the lowest rating of all the categories. It was suggested that employers provide professional psychological preparation and further provide seminars where retired employees could come in address and the retiring employees about expectations and practical scenarios faced by post retirees. Looking at this results the researcher postulate further that the employer’s current initiatives were inadequate.<br>? Physical preparations were available at 46%. This aspect is absolutely important first as a social responsibility for organisation to take care of employees in general (all employees) and has a correlation to productivity and contribution in organisation growth.<br>? Social preparations were available at 63%, appearing to be the highest rated by respondents among all the categories. This particular category does not necessarily fall within those variables that employer could have direct control on and that this aspect falls under a field that has not been much priority by employers and researchers respectively (Gabileo, 2018)<br>? Economic preparations were available at 59%. It seemed that to a lager extend respondents were concerned about their economic affairs more than any other thing as compared to Intellectual, Psychological and Physical category. The view expressed in this study revealed that this category appeared to be at the centre of everything and as such all other categories were subject to adequacy of economic preparations.<br>The research concluded that study objectives were met and that SA government was not adequately preparing employees due to retire.<br>Key terms: Government employees, Preparations, Retirement, Types</p> Braydar Kgoputso Copyright (c) 2021 JOURNAL OF RESEARCH METHODOLOGISTS https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2021-04-27 2021-04-27 1 1 Improving conditions of service for family caregivers in South Africa https://ojs.vleresearch.net/index.php/1/article/view/16 <p>Introduction: In most cases, chronically ill patients, the physically/mentally challenged and old persons are discharged from healthcare institutions to their families who have inadequate knowledge and skill relating to the condition. The healthcare system offers no continuity of care to the family caregivers. The family caregiver is left to attend to the psychological, economical and physical needs of the patient with limited to no support from the healthcare system. This creates a huge challenge and increases the burden for the family caregiver which ends up becoming unbearable to the point where the process is no longer a healthy or viable option for both the caregiver and the care recipient. The role of the caregiver in a patient’s health is often overlooked or underestimated in the South African health system, as a result, the caregiver is not included in the health and financial systems. The aim of this study was to conduct a Qualitative Systematic Review of the conditions of service for family caregivers across four dimensions namely: Problems/challenges, burden, intervention and outcome, in South Africa. Method: A Qualitative Systematic Review was conducted, following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) methodology on Google Scholar database, and retrieved articles from 1994 to 2020. Boolean operator words, “AND”, “OR” and “NOT”, were used, to search key terms “family caregiving in South Africa”, “primary caregiving” or “informal caregiving”. Rigour was determined and documented throughout in order to allow readers to access its completeness. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were clearly outlined. Criteria for evaluating primary studies were clearly defined at the beginning of undertaking research. A total of 1810 articles, reports and dissertations, were retrieved and only 85 studies were analysed. Findings and Discussion: Studies were critically appraised using WebQDA software, whereby 198 comments emerged. Both the burden and challenges of caregiving experienced were categorized as problems, which came out 82 times compounding the role that they play. Other categories that emerged from the studies were Intervention and outcome which came out 53 and 13 times respectively, implying that interventions would have an impact on improving or declining outcome.</p> Tebogo Pule Copyright (c) 2021 JOURNAL OF RESEARCH METHODOLOGISTS https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2021-04-27 2021-04-27 1 1 Lived experiences of Educators in relation to CPTD within the Johannesburg West District High Schools https://ojs.vleresearch.net/index.php/1/article/view/2 <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p>Continuing Professional Teacher Development (CPTD) is empowerment and enhancement of professionalism and competence of Educators within the education system, whether public or private sector. The Department of Basic Education implemented a standardized CPTD program throughout the schooling system, which is monitored and managed by a statutory body known as SACE (South African Council of Educators). This study sought to describe lived experiences of educators in relation to implementation of CPTD in Johannesburg West District.&nbsp; The study was designed within the interpretivist paradigm, employing phenomenology as a strategy of inquiry. 10 educators were selected purposively for interviews, which were recorded with permission of participants. The recording was critical for demonstration of member checking and audit trail required for rigor determination in qualitative research.</p> <p>Through thematic data analysis, the study generated three themes in pursuit of answering the research question, which were (1) Mentorship Vacuum, (2) Dis-interest and inertia and (3) Leadership Support. Whereas the first two themes report the negative experiences educators have had with CPTD, the last them reflected that participants had some form of leadership support.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Key Words: CPTD, Educators, Leadership Support, Mentorship</p> Nisi Thusi Copyright (c) 2021 JOURNAL OF RESEARCH METHODOLOGISTS https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2021-04-27 2021-04-27 1 1 The Impact of Low Morale on Social Workers within the Gauteng Department of Social Development https://ojs.vleresearch.net/index.php/1/article/view/18 <p>The researcher conducted a study on low morale of social workers in the context of their employment within the Department of Social Development in Gauteng Province of South Africa. This study was motivated by researcher’s careful observation on how the social workers negatively conduct themselves towards their respective work. Collins (2007) studied the rationale and underlying causes of social worker’s satisfaction levels in relation to their work and found that maximization of job satisfaction, implementation of appropriate stress-related coping strategies and support systems were critical in averting low morale among social workers. The researcher has also observed that social workers in the Gauteng Department of Social Development seem to be unhappy and lethargic every time they perform their duties. The main purpose of this study was to explore, describe and gain insight into two critical scenarios, firstly, to investigate low morale on Social Workers of the Gauteng Department of Social Development and secondly, to establish how low morale on Social Workers impact on the morale of their subordinates. Extensive literature is available on different research databases explaining the importance and structure of research methodology in academic investigations. Creswell (2009) defined research methodology as a systematic way including all activities the researcher intends to follow in pursuit of solving the research problem. The ontological trajectory of this investigation will be hinged and bounded within the pragmatic philosophical assumptions, wherein the researcher will follow a QUAL+quan approach. In this particular, the researcher will follow an inductive sequential method of inquiry where the “core” focus will be the qualitative and the supplementary will be the quantitative with an inductive/simultaneous logical approach. A paradigm may further be described as a research philosophy, school of thought, researcher lens or even researcher’s world view. There are three main paradigms in social science research, namely, Positivism, Interpretivism and Pragmatism. A presentation of findings and results from the pragmatic inquiry that was undertaken to respond to the topic entitled, “The impact of low morale on social workers in Gauteng Department of Social Development.”</p> <p>To navigate this research, it was critical to align all procedures and activities to research objectives as follows to explore the reasons for high social work staff turnover at the Department of Social Development in Gauteng, to understand the underlying impacts of low morale and turnover on social workers, to understand effects of both reasons and impacts of low morale on those who report directly to social workers and to arrive at recommendations to the Department on the impact of this phenomenon on service delivery and the Department’s goals and objectives. This presentation is therefore divided into two main parts, the first part deals with findings from the case study bounded within the qualitative research dimension, which was the core investigation method in this study; the second part presents the results from the survey, which was an instrument used to fulfil; the supplemental requirements of the quantitative dimension (Costa,2020). For the qualitative dimension of this study, purposive sampling technique (also known as judgment, selective or subjective sampling) was used in order to attain information at each of the identified regions. The study findings were triangulated from both dimensions and conclusions culminated in three of the following thematic expressions: (1) lack of management support and poor work relations impact negatively on social workers job satisfaction; (2) Absence of support precipitates dramatic experiences that have an adverse effect on the work-life of social workers;(3) Prevalent inertia of accountability results in low morale, poor skills transfer and ultimately inadequate service delivery.</p> Justice Lebaea Copyright (c) 2021 JOURNAL OF RESEARCH METHODOLOGISTS https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2021-05-14 2021-05-14 1 1 AN INFORMATION DISSEMINATION STRATEGY FOR GOVERNMENT SPOKESPERSONS TO MINIMISE SERVICE DELIVERY PROTESTS IN SOUTH AFRICA https://ojs.vleresearch.net/index.php/1/article/view/12 <p>The purpose of this study was to develop an appropriate information dissemination framework for government spokesperson to minimize service delivery protests in South Africa. Of central concern to the study was the positive contribution that government communicators could make with regard to managing the reputation of the South African government. <br>The study’s aims were to address the concerns and assumptions that many government spokespersons underappreciate the value of effective information dissemination especially in the context of South Africa’s volatile service delivery environment. Ineffective information dissemination skills on the part of government spokespersons is a real cause of concern. The inability by government spokespersons to properly disseminate, inform and update disaffected communities on service delivery issues is largely regarded as a contributory factor towards the current surge in protest incidences. Disseminating information in a crisis-ridden environment is a complex task that requires unusual information dissemination strategy, skills and experience. <br>The study followed an interpretivist epistemological trajectory within the qualitative method using case studies as a research strategy. In depth interviews were conducted using semi structured interview guides to obtain rich information regarding the phenomenon in relation to service delivery protests in South Africa. Interviews were recorded in line with ethical standards and subsequent to participants’ s permissions using an audio recoding device. These recorded interviews were transcribed and transformed into data documents that were subsequently analyzed within the method of thematic analysis. Data refinement was treated through the COSTA QDA technique using webQDA software.<br>Findings confirmed the pre-defined study objectives which indicated the need for heightened and structured approach to information dissemination by government communicators. Further synthesis indicated a requirement for such information dissemination to be structured proactive and responsive to diverse environments. In view of the above, a theory was developed which resulted in an Information Dissemination framework. </p> Maropeng Manyathela Copyright (c) 2021 JOURNAL OF RESEARCH METHODOLOGISTS https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2021-04-27 2021-04-27 1 1