JOURNAL OF RESEARCH METHODOLOGISTS 2021-04-27T23:54:23+00:00 Dr King Costa Open Journal Systems <p>The JRM is dedicated to encourage scholarship within Social Sciences, with a special focus on Research Methods. The special area of interest is in Qualitative Research and Mixed Methods Research. The target audience for this journal is postgraduate s and post-doctoral researchers, including early career researchers.</p> INSTILLING VALUE-SIGNIFICANCE IN LAND OWNERSHIP IN THE NORTHERN CAPE PROVINCE 2020-11-26T09:26:35+00:00 Gail Parker <h1>ABSTRACT</h1> <p> </p> <p>The concept of value-significance in landownership has been viewed from only one dimension – the economic dimension. This study focused on the intrinsic dimension, sometimes theoretically called “place attachment” to determine how this component could be infused in land reform support and maintenance programs directed towards beneficiaries of the land redistribution program in the Northern Cape province of South Africa. The current state of the post-land redistribution programme is characterized by a plethora of problems that lead to discouraged beneficiaries, unproductive land use and ultimate land degradation. In view of the above, this study sought to answer the question, “How to instill value-significance in land ownership to beneficiaries of the land redistribution program in the Northern Cape Province”.</p> <p>An interpretivism phenomenological approach has been selected as a method of inquiry, purposively selecting study participants from different cohorts of the land redistribution program between the period 1994 to 2018. Semi-structured interviews were conducted to obtain in-depth insights, seeking to describe the lived experiences of the land redistribution program. Aligned with ethical standards, interviews were conducted and recorded on an audio recording device, with the permission of participants. Recorded data were transcribed and analyzed using both thematic analyses benchmarked to the COSTA QDA Technique and the webQDA software.</p> <p>Findings of the study culminated into four thematic expressions as follows: (1) Land redistribution program needs to be underpinned by a structured maintenance program; (2) Land redistribution program transformed lives of beneficiaries; (3) Beneficiaries of land redistribution program aspire to full ownership of the land for productive use; and (4) A framework for instilling value-significance in land ownership could enhance the maintenance of the land redistribution program. Through a rigorous synthesis of these thematic expressions, a final outcome of this study culminated in the development of the INSTIL Framework for instilling value-significance in land ownership.</p> 2021-08-18T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 JOURNAL OF RESEARCH METHODOLOGISTS The Types of preparations available for government employees before retirement 2021-02-17T23:23:50+00:00 Braydar Kgoputso <p>The aspect of retirement and the concept of retirement age represent a crucial transition of considerations across all employees in private and public sector. Attached to these concepts is the main issue of livelihood post retirement simple expressed as social security. Employers have a duty and the responsibility to implement pre-retirement preparations those whom have contributed over the years for the success of their organisation. This study sought to describe the types of preparations available for employees between ages of 55 and 65 who are due to retirement in terms of statutory retirement age. A positivist epistemological inquiry using five-point Likert type research was used to answer the following research question, “What type of preparations are available for government employees before retirement?”. As it is customary within the quantitative tradition semi-structured questionnaire was developed and pilot tested before final implementation. Five key parameters were identified for inclusion into the question and these were: (i) intellectual preparations; (ii) psychological preparations; (iii) physical preparations; (iv) social preparations; and (v) economic preparations. The study context was at the Department of Home Affairs in Limpopo province were a sample of 88 employees was drawn.<br>The study revealed the following:<br>? Intellectual preparations were available at 45%. Close examination of these findings indicated insufficient intellectual preparations for employees. Mambwe and Mwape (2016) concluded that if retiring employees are provided with necessary intellectual preparations they would know better about the possible future in relation to all other four clusters listed below<br>? Psychological preparations were available at 36%, appearing to be the lowest rating of all the categories. It was suggested that employers provide professional psychological preparation and further provide seminars where retired employees could come in address and the retiring employees about expectations and practical scenarios faced by post retirees. Looking at this results the researcher postulate further that the employer’s current initiatives were inadequate.<br>? Physical preparations were available at 46%. This aspect is absolutely important first as a social responsibility for organisation to take care of employees in general (all employees) and has a correlation to productivity and contribution in organisation growth.<br>? Social preparations were available at 63%, appearing to be the highest rated by respondents among all the categories. This particular category does not necessarily fall within those variables that employer could have direct control on and that this aspect falls under a field that has not been much priority by employers and researchers respectively (Gabileo, 2018)<br>? Economic preparations were available at 59%. It seemed that to a lager extend respondents were concerned about their economic affairs more than any other thing as compared to Intellectual, Psychological and Physical category. The view expressed in this study revealed that this category appeared to be at the centre of everything and as such all other categories were subject to adequacy of economic preparations.<br>The research concluded that study objectives were met and that SA government was not adequately preparing employees due to retire.<br>Key terms: Government employees, Preparations, Retirement, Types</p> 2021-04-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 JOURNAL OF RESEARCH METHODOLOGISTS AN INFORMATION DISSEMINATION STRATEGY FOR GOVERNMENT SPOKESPERSONS TO MINIMISE SERVICE DELIVERY PROTESTS IN SOUTH AFRICA 2020-11-26T09:25:46+00:00 Maropeng Manyathela <p>The purpose of this study was to develop an appropriate information dissemination framework for government spokesperson to minimize service delivery protests in South Africa. Of central concern to the study was the positive contribution that government communicators could make with regard to managing the reputation of the South African government. <br>The study’s aims were to address the concerns and assumptions that many government spokespersons underappreciate the value of effective information dissemination especially in the context of South Africa’s volatile service delivery environment. Ineffective information dissemination skills on the part of government spokespersons is a real cause of concern. The inability by government spokespersons to properly disseminate, inform and update disaffected communities on service delivery issues is largely regarded as a contributory factor towards the current surge in protest incidences. Disseminating information in a crisis-ridden environment is a complex task that requires unusual information dissemination strategy, skills and experience. <br>The study followed an interpretivist epistemological trajectory within the qualitative method using case studies as a research strategy. In depth interviews were conducted using semi structured interview guides to obtain rich information regarding the phenomenon in relation to service delivery protests in South Africa. Interviews were recorded in line with ethical standards and subsequent to participants’ s permissions using an audio recoding device. These recorded interviews were transcribed and transformed into data documents that were subsequently analyzed within the method of thematic analysis. Data refinement was treated through the COSTA QDA technique using webQDA software.<br>Findings confirmed the pre-defined study objectives which indicated the need for heightened and structured approach to information dissemination by government communicators. Further synthesis indicated a requirement for such information dissemination to be structured proactive and responsive to diverse environments. In view of the above, a theory was developed which resulted in an Information Dissemination framework. </p> 2021-04-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 JOURNAL OF RESEARCH METHODOLOGISTS Lived experiences of Educators in relation to CPTD within the Johannesburg West District High Schools 2020-09-17T08:53:25+00:00 Nisi Thusi <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p>Continuing Professional Teacher Development (CPTD) is empowerment and enhancement of professionalism and competence of Educators within the education system, whether public or private sector. The Department of Basic Education implemented a standardized CPTD program throughout the schooling system, which is monitored and managed by a statutory body known as SACE (South African Council of Educators). This study sought to describe lived experiences of educators in relation to implementation of CPTD in Johannesburg West District.&nbsp; The study was designed within the interpretivist paradigm, employing phenomenology as a strategy of inquiry. 10 educators were selected purposively for interviews, which were recorded with permission of participants. The recording was critical for demonstration of member checking and audit trail required for rigor determination in qualitative research.</p> <p>Through thematic data analysis, the study generated three themes in pursuit of answering the research question, which were (1) Mentorship Vacuum, (2) Dis-interest and inertia and (3) Leadership Support. Whereas the first two themes report the negative experiences educators have had with CPTD, the last them reflected that participants had some form of leadership support.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Key Words: CPTD, Educators, Leadership Support, Mentorship</p> 2021-04-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 JOURNAL OF RESEARCH METHODOLOGISTS Improving conditions of service for family caregivers in South Africa 2021-04-07T19:37:51+00:00 Tebogo Pule <p>Introduction: In most cases, chronically ill patients, the physically/mentally challenged and old persons are discharged from healthcare institutions to their families who have inadequate knowledge and skill relating to the condition. The healthcare system offers no continuity of care to the family caregivers. The family caregiver is left to attend to the psychological, economical and physical needs of the patient with limited to no support from the healthcare system. This creates a huge challenge and increases the burden for the family caregiver which ends up becoming unbearable to the point where the process is no longer a healthy or viable option for both the caregiver and the care recipient. The role of the caregiver in a patient’s health is often overlooked or underestimated in the South African health system, as a result, the caregiver is not included in the health and financial systems. The aim of this study was to conduct a Qualitative Systematic Review of the conditions of service for family caregivers across four dimensions namely: Problems/challenges, burden, intervention and outcome, in South Africa. Method: A Qualitative Systematic Review was conducted, following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) methodology on Google Scholar database, and retrieved articles from 1994 to 2020. Boolean operator words, “AND”, “OR” and “NOT”, were used, to search key terms “family caregiving in South Africa”, “primary caregiving” or “informal caregiving”. Rigour was determined and documented throughout in order to allow readers to access its completeness. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were clearly outlined. Criteria for evaluating primary studies were clearly defined at the beginning of undertaking research. A total of 1810 articles, reports and dissertations, were retrieved and only 85 studies were analysed. Findings and Discussion: Studies were critically appraised using WebQDA software, whereby 198 comments emerged. Both the burden and challenges of caregiving experienced were categorized as problems, which came out 82 times compounding the role that they play. Other categories that emerged from the studies were Intervention and outcome which came out 53 and 13 times respectively, implying that interventions would have an impact on improving or declining outcome.</p> 2021-04-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 JOURNAL OF RESEARCH METHODOLOGISTS